Category : Tech

Laptop Charger Parts: Names and Functions?

Published : December 31, 2022

A laptop charger is an electronic device that is used to supply power to a laptop. Laptop chargers come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and each have their own unique name and function.

In this article, we will take a look at the different parts of a laptop charger, and what each one does.

What Are the Parts of a Laptop?

A laptop is a personal computer that is small and light enough to be carried around easily. They typically have a liquid crystal display, or LCD, screen, a keyboard, and a pointing device such as a trackpad. Laptops can be powered by battery or AC power.

The main parts of a laptop are the screen, the keyboard, the trackpad, the system board, the battery, and the AC adapter. 

The screen is where you will see what is on your computer. The keyboard is where you will type in information.

 The trackpad is where you will move the cursor on the screen with your finger. The system board is what holds all of the other parts together. The battery powers the computer. The AC adapter provides power to the laptop from an outlet.

Part of Laptop Charger

#1 Power Plug

A laptop charger is made up of three main parts: the power cord, the adapter, and the battery. The power cord is plugged into an outlet and provides power to the adapter. The adapter converts that power from AC to DC and sends it to the battery. The battery then stores and releases that power as needed to run the laptop.

#2 Transformer

When your laptop battery dies and you’re nowhere near a power outlet, what do you do? Chances are, you have a transformer in your house. Transformers convert alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC), which is what most electronic devices use. The transformer in your laptop charger converts the AC from the wall to the DC that your laptop needs to charge its battery.

There are two main parts of a transformer: the primary and secondary coils. The primary coil is connected to the AC source, while the secondary coil is connected to the device that needs power. When electricity flows through the primary coil, it creates a magnetic field that causes electricity to flow through the secondary coil. This process is called induction.

Transformers can be either step-up or step-down transformers.

#3 Rectifier

A rectifier is an electronic component that converts alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC). Rectifiers are used in a wide variety of applications, including power supplies, inverters, and frequency converters. 

In a laptop charger, the rectifier is responsible for converting the AC from the wall outlet into DC to power the laptop.

 There are several different types of rectifiers, but the most common type is the silicon rectifier. Silicon rectifiers are made of silicon diodes and are used to convert high-frequency AC signals into low-frequency DC signals.

#4 Filters and Regulators

Filters and regulators are important laptop charger parts. Filters help to clean the current that is flowing into the laptop. 

This is important because it helps to protect the laptop and keeps it running smoothly. Regulators help to keep the voltage stable so that the laptop will not be damaged by fluctuations in the power source.

#5 Ferrite Bead

Ferrite beads are found on the cable of a laptop charger. They are small, black and cylindrical beads. Their purpose is to suppress noise and electromagnetic interference on the cable. The bead is placed near the connector where it will have the most impact.

#6 Charger Connector

The connector on a laptop charger is one of the most important parts. This is because it is what connects the charger to the laptop. 

The connector needs to be in good condition in order for the charger to work properly. If the connector is damaged, then it will need to be replaced. There are a few different types of connectors that can be found on laptop chargers. 

The most common type of connector is a barrel connector. This type of connector has two metal pins that are inserted into the laptop. There are also coaxial connectors and USB connectors.

In conclusion, laptop chargers are very important pieces of technology. It is important to be aware of the different parts and their functions so that you can be better equipped to handle any problems that may arise. Always keep a charger on hand, just in case!